Most teams get to the adjourning stage at some point but that’s not always the case. Some teams get created for projects with endpoints, while others are ongoing. However, even teams built for permanent projects can still undergo the adjourning process due to restructuring and re-allocation. The stage can cause uncertainty, especially among team members who are unsure about their subsequent roles. Thus, leaders should be supportive and help members transition smoothly into the new roles.

This stage puts the team to the test and may cause a lot of tension if people vastly disagree. Be prepared to step in and help ease people’s anxieties about the project. His theory was further developed by PhD student Mary Ann Jensen ten years later. In 1977, she added the last stage — Adjourning — thereby completing what we now know as the modern theory of Team Development. If it’s not a project-based team, the adjourning stage may never occur.

Storming — It’s inevitable, there’s going to be conflict

Our experience suggests that the answer is found between six interlocking factors that we identify in our Team Performance model. We assess where your team is operating through our Team Performance Inventory. We then work with your team to build the core capability of each individual to perform in a group setting. Clarify why you’re doing this work, and what the goal is at the end of it.

Prospection is the ability within each of us to think about the future and envision what’s possible. It takes a combination of optimism, pragmatism, and the ability to think through potential outcomes. Platform Overview Transform your enterprise with the scalable mindsets, skills, & behavior change that drive performance. Project scheduling is a critical and crucial part of project management and planning.

Encourage team members to share their ideas and contribute to the discussion. The adjourning stage can be difficult for team members who have become close. They must say goodbye to one another and may never see each other again.

Managers Development Programme

Generally, when organizations form teams, these organizations have specific projects or goals in mind. A team is simply a tool that accomplishes a project or goal. The idea that teams are dynamic entities developing over time is well documented and empirically supported . During team development, team processes, emergent states and even characteristics such as knowledge sharing and cohesion change . These changes can be described by fairly distinct stages of team development . Teams at a given development stage tend to reveal a common pattern of actions and behaviors related to tasks and relationships, and a similar level of effectiveness .

Throughout your career thus far, it is likely that you have encountered at least one instance where you were part of a team. Whether it was for a class project, extracurricular activity, or job-related task, being part of a team is an important life skill. For example, you could start with a department picnic, using a couple of hours during the workday to visit a nearby park. Grill some food and suggest that employees bring a dish to pass.

With this method, you can invite your group to identify small changes they can make now and work towards better working practices as both individuals and a team. This is a structured process designed for teams to explore the way they work together. The tight structure supports team members to be open and honest in their assessment. After reflecting as individuals, the team builds a collective map which can serve as the basis for further discussions and actions. Each one encouraging the team to reflect and analyse a different and crucial element of their behaviour. During this stage, team members can often be excited, anxious, or uncertain of their place within a team and will try to figure out their role in the group.

what is team development

Forming is the first stage of team development and is where a team first comes together, gets to know one another, and becomes oriented with the goals and purpose of the team. During this stage of development, team members begin to experience a sense of group belonging and a feeling of relief as a result of resolving interpersonal conflicts. They see employees only as pawns to help them accomplish their goals. Team building is one of the most widely used group-development activities in organizations. The five most famous stages of team development are known as Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing and Adjourning. When humans have access to personalized coaching, incredible things happen.


As we go along, we will explain each of these stages in greater detail. When they are storming, they are working together to come up with ideas. The first meeting of a group is one of the most important moments in the process. Madeline is a writer, communicator, and storyteller who is passionate about using words to help drive positive change. She holds a bachelor’s in English Creative Writing and Communication Studies and lives in Denver, Colorado. In her spare time, she’s usually somewhere outside — and enjoys poetry and fiction.

Effective relationships maintained across the team, including having difficult conversations. Working on something that ultimately doesn’t matter is a great way to deflate the power of the process. Working on something that only half the team disagrees five stages of team development principles of management with is a great way to unnecessary friction. Explain your intentions with these sessions, why you think it’s beneficial to your reports, and what’s going to be required of them. Also address any potential concerns that may impact psychological safety.

what is team development

But sometimes, developing those high-performing teams can be tricky. Such conflicts can hinder progress and even grind everything to a halt. Thankfully, you can deploy some strategies to ensure your team navigates the stages without issues.

Continue to build team spirit (yes, again)

Although conflicts may or may not surface as group issues, they do exist. Questions about who is responsible for what, what the rules are, what the reward system is, and what the evaluation criteria are arise. These questions reflect conflicts over leadership, structure, power, and authority.

what is team development

Many situations do not have immediate answers or clear resolutions. Recognizing these situations and responding with empathy can improve the “cultural climate” and build trust among group members. HSR helps individuals learn to respond in ways that do not overpromise or overcontrol. It helps members of a group notice unwanted patterns and work together on shifting to more productive interactions. Participants experience the practice of more compassion and the benefits it engenders.

What are the 5 stages of team development?

This is a time of uncertainty and confusion, as team members are trying to determine their roles within the team. A simple but effective closing activity that could lead to identify the learning point or outcomes for participants and measure the change in their behavior, mindset or opinion regarding the subject. One possible misconception is that to move a group through the Storming stage, you have to prevent differences in opinion from emerging.

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It takes time and effort to get a team from point A to point B — and that’s where the five stages of team development come in. The fifth and final stage of team development is Adjourning. This step was added to the existing model of group development by Tuckman in 1977. Self-assessment is an important part of the team development process and using a structured framework can help ensure a productive conversation that doesn’t overspill or create further conflict. The learnings from this activity can then be used to resolve issues, strengthen the group and help move the team from Norming to Performing. While most teams progress through the stages of the Tuckman model of team development in a linear fashion, it is not inevitable.

Beyond Individual Growth: How Team Building & Development Can Give You a Competitive Edge

Encouraging the notion that feedback should be given after every meeting makes it easier for team members to air their views. During the Ending Stage, some team members may become less focussed on the team’s tasks and their productivity may drop. Alternatively, some team members may find focussing on the task at hand is an effective response to their sadness or sense of loss. Team members are able to prevent or solve problems in the team’s process or in the team’s progress. A “can do” attitude is visible as are offers to assist one another.

She was previously the CTO of Dwelo and has built education platforms in Latin America. Natalie Rothfels is an Operator in Residence at Reforge and runs a leadership coaching practice. She has held product leadership roles at Quizlet and Khan Academy and was a classroom teacher before that. As managers embrace putting L&D budgets in the hands of their individual reports, demand has skyrocketed for coaches, training, and skill-based courses. Seemingly hundreds of new companies have popped up to capitalize on the trend to help people grow their careers. In the Performing stage, you will begin to see your team taking on a life of their own.

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